Open and semi adoption involves contact between adoptive and birth parents, usually involving one or more in person meetings and contact continuing through the pregnancy and after placement. This contact can be handled through the agency without revealing specific identifying information, or both parties can share direct contact information if desired.
Adoption Associates requires that adoptive families are at least open to semi-open adoption, where there is in person meeting and agreement to communicate and exchange pictures and letters for up to 18 years. A family may also decide if they are open to ongoing visits up to age 18, which is considered a more fully open adoption, but should determine this during their home study, as the level of openness is often a factor in deciding which adoptive family profiles are appropriate to show a particular birth parent client.
In a closed adoption, the birth family and adoptive family do not have any direct contact. There are few situations where we find birth parents seeking a closed adoption.
The specific arrangements of openness during adoption is coordinated between birth parents and adoptive parents, and as with all relationships, they can evolve and change. Your adopted child will have questions and a history they want to know about. Open relationships in adoption are good for all parties.